Innovative treatment for Hepatitis C virus

Introduction

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major public health challenge for Australia. Acute infection progresses to chronic disease in up to 75% of cases, and these people are at risk of progressive liver fibrosis leading to cirrhosis, liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Around 20%–30% of people with chronic HCV infection will develop cirrhosis, generally after 20–30 years of infection. Continue reading

What is Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and why does it matter?

Defining MCI

Most people with dementia go through a prodromal stage in which they or those close to them note that their memories are poor, but they are still able to cope with their normal routines and do not fulfil the diagnostic criterion for dementia of experiencing significant impairment of social or occupational functioning. The term Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) emerged in the 1990s in succession to a previous series of diagnostic entities dating back to 1962 which has included such terms as Benign Senescent Forgetfulness and Age Associated Memory Impairment. Continue reading

Panic disorder: treatment and management

John was a professional in his 30s who was driving to work when he experienced sudden difficulty breathing, chest tightness, dizziness, tingling in his arms, nausea and thought that he was having a heart attack and losing control. He called for an ambulance and was taken to the emergency department where he had numerous tests that came back negative for a heart attack or medical problem. He was told that he probably had a panic attack. Continue reading

Intestinal parasites update

The role of intestinal parasites such as Giardia Lamblia and Cryptosporidium in causing human disease is well known. More recently due to improvements in diagnostic tests, other parasites are also being recognized as pathogens. This is expanding the list of “single word answers” to chronic gastrointestinal complaints such as diarrhea predominant irritable bowel syndrome. Continue reading