Overview of BPD
BPD is the most common personality disorder in clinical settings, and it is present in cultures around the world. It causes marked distress and impairment in social, occupational and role functioning, and it is associated with high rates of self-destructive behavior (e.g. suicide attempts) and completed suicide.
The concept of borderline personality disorder can be as difficult and frustrating to understand as the people it attempts to define. Hence, there is an abundance of literature on the topic attempting to explain its meaning, its aetiology, its parameters, its place in psychiatry and its management. Continue reading
Most people with dementia go through a prodromal stage in which they or those close to them note that their memories are poor, but they are still able to cope with their normal routines and do not fulfil the diagnostic criterion for dementia of experiencing significant impairment of social or occupational functioning. The term Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) emerged in the 1990s in succession to a previous series of diagnostic entities dating back to 1962 which has included such terms as Benign Senescent Forgetfulness and Age Associated Memory Impairment. Continue reading
John was a professional in his 30s who was driving to work when he experienced sudden difficulty breathing, chest tightness, dizziness, tingling in his arms, nausea and thought that he was having a heart attack and losing control. He called for an ambulance and was taken to the emergency department where he had numerous tests that came back negative for a heart attack or medical problem. He was told that he probably had a panic attack. Continue reading
Bipolar disorder is characterized by a vulnerability to mood instability which is of more intensity and of longer duration than what would be considered normal. The defining mood pole is the manic one, with elated mood, excessive goal-directed motor drive, overabundant energy, racing thoughts and a reduced need to sleep. Continue reading
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and anxiety disorders could be considered a silent epidemic in mental health. These conditions are extremely common with the 2007 Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing showing 12 month prevalence of 11.8 per cent and lifetime prevalence of 20 per cent1. Continue reading
Depression remains the most common mental disorder in the elderly. It is often underdiagnosed and consequently, undertreated, creating much suffering for the patient and family. Continue reading